Small business success in competing
I sometimes wonder who will be the last brand standing… right now it appears that Amazon, Apple, Google and Facebook are winning when it comes to customer insights…. but Australian businesses can win at this game.
I was in the Margaret River last weekend and in speaking to the wine makers – they don’t see their competition as the wine maker up the road – competition is ‘non’ wine or wine produced outside of Australia. Perhaps if we began to think about competition differently, because as a united front we can complete. I have always believed that an online customer is there to be shared… and that there is safety in numbers against the big international super stores and online brands who offer better prices, faster delivery and maximum convenience.
Customers still want intimacy.
They still want experience, and they definitely want your curation.
In my industry – the world of online retail – things have never been more competitive. And when I consider the realm of ‘experiences’ we’re not only competing with businesses offering physical gifts, but also giant global players who are swallowing up local providers and taking profits, jobs and tax dollars offshore.
This is particularly the case when we look at online travel agencies (OTAs) like Expedia and Booking.com. We know that people are opting more and more for experiences over ‘stuff’, but how, in the midst of this shift to the ‘experience economy’ can we support local business and suppliers to not only survive, but thrive?
Travel Industry Case Study
Perhaps it’s a case of safety in numbers…. Using the example of OTAs and how they relate to the experiences industry, ‘Can Australian operators join forces to compete against the foreign owned online travel agencies?’ With largely US-owned hotel and activity booking behemoths like Expedia* and Booking Holdings^ now part of the very fabric of the travel industry, Australian operators need to be clever to stay competitive.
OTAs have become pervasive in recent years, and this shift is having a material impact on the commercial success of local hotel owners. These global operators have become the default go-to brands; they’re now mainstream and have massive marketing spends that are no doubt beyond the reach of local players..
A recent survey of independent accommodation providers carried out by the Accommodation Association of Australia (AAoA) found that global online travel agencies are doing material damage to accommodation businesses in Australia. Largely small businesses who are major employers in local communities.
According to The Association’s chief executive officer, Richard Munro, “This distinctly contrasts with the likes of offshore giants Booking.com [owned by Booking Holdings] and Expedia, which are making millions of dollars each year… yet they employ very few staff in Australia. What’s more, most – if not all – of the profits these global giants are making flow straight overseas and they pay little or no tax in Australia, unlike local accommodation businesses.”
All online hotel aggregators are now owned by international players, even Australian-owned Wotif was acquired by Expedia in 2014. Australian owned businesses are few and far between, and struggle to compete with the big global players. Unless they have found a unique ‘boutique’ and compelling offer it is very hard to be a ‘me-too player’.
Only five years ago the Australian travel market was dominated by individual suppliers, with 82 percent of online bookings made direct. At the time it was predicted OTAs would outpace supplier websites by 2015. This has more than come to fruition, with Expedia and Booking Holdings (formerly the Priceline Group) a virtual duopoly, with their stable of brands controlling around 80 percent of the online travel agency market right here in Australia today.
These businesses are US-based, meaning money that once stayed in the country is now going offshore. According to the The AAoA, “Based on [OTAs] commanding roughly $5 billion p.a. in gross spending here. At an average 15 per cent commission, that’s $750 million. The vast bulk of which is funnelled overseas so it doesn’t register as Australian income.”
Dick Smith recently publicised his anger at the situation, arguing local hotels and providers are being forced to sign up to these international sites as they simply cannot compete for bookings, and likening the situation to “extortion”. Smaller operators simply cannot compete on things like SEO when aggregators are bidding on terms. To the point that when a consumer searches for a specific hotel or accommodation in a certain area they will first be served options from an OTA like Booking.com or Trivago, as opposed to a hotel directly.
Recently the ACCC confirmed it would investigate whether to take action in the industry, with persistent concerns that independent hotel and motel operators are being “ripped off” by OTAs.
This reality is now beginning to hit the experiences and ‘things to do’ market. Just last month the US privately-held booking engine AirBNB launched its experiences product. Viator (owned by TripAdvisor) are already a huge player in the experiences market. This is nothing new, but it is gaining momentum as we stare down the barrel of the ‘experience economy’.
It’s already beyond difficult for Australian travel operators to compete for share of market in the hotel vertical against these global booking engines. And now a similar industry headwind is facing the ‘things to do’ market.
Buy Australian to have Australian businesses
So how do local operators regain share and, in the case of experience suppliers. Competition in the face of such aggressive global players is difficult.
The Big Red Group (BRG) is committed to Australian businesses and our intention is to grow while maintaining Australian ownership. We see our competition coming increasingly out of the US – Australian ‘things to do’ or experience sites all have a common ‘foe’. All industry is changing, disruption is happening everywhere, but a certain critical mass is needed to be able to compete; in technology, marketing, and in terms of brand presence.
Australian owned and operated is becoming increasingly rare as a marketing catch cry. I suspect we are not alone in this; it is affecting other countries and industries. Being a small business and staying competitive is hard. Brand awareness is not enough – scale is needed to have the bandwidth required to do the job at hand, and in order to achieve this we must support each other. Competition requires scale and focus.
Perhaps we should do some more joint promotions with our brands.
* Expedia owns the websites Expedia.com, Hotels.com, Hotwire.com, CarRentals.com, CheapTickets, trivago, Venere.com, Travelocity, Orbitz, and HomeAway.
^ Booking Holdings owns Booking.com, Priceline.com, Agoda.com, Kayak.com, Cheapflights, Rentalcars.com, Momondo, and OpenTable.
This article first appeared as part of my LinkedIn Influencer series
Also published on Medium.